Kate Riney photographed these children during a recent trip to Africa. The McAfee student said changes in orphan care are helping her better understand human trafficking issues. (Photo by Kate Riney)
Kate Riney photographed these children during a recent trip to Africa. The McAfee student said changes in orphan care are helping her better understand human trafficking issues. (Photo by Kate Riney)

Orphan study transforms implementers

Journeys of Faith surveyed 20, mostly CBF, congregations in 2013 to determine attitudes about global orphan care and also to suggest new ways of caring for at-risk children in places like Africa and Asia. Those charged with facilitating the study report being transformed with many other participants.

By Jeff Brumley

Journeys of Faith is an ongoing project designed to help members of Cooperative Baptist and other churches rethink their beliefs about orphan care, especially in far-flung lands where orphanages have been the go-to solution.

Organizers say the 2013 initiative is already raising awareness that the orphanage model isn’t always the best answer to the question of how to best care for abandoned and other at-risk children in Third World nations.

But the ongoing study’s designers say they’re also finding that seminary students and others tapped to recruit participants, as well as those who facilitate congregation-level small group discussions, are experiencing new awareness around the issues.

“This opened my eyes,” said Ryan Carter, a member of Peachtree Baptist Church in Atlanta.

As the congregation’s Journey of Faith facilitator, it was Carter’s job to become an expert on the materials and lead the small-group discussions.

 OrphanCare2013CarterCarter is no stranger to shifting paradigms in mission work. At 23, he is studying global Christianity at McAfee School of Theology after spending much of his childhood, teens and early adulthood on mission trips around the world. He dropped out of those trips years ago after realizing they can sometimes cause more harm than good.

Journeys of Faith reassured him he isn’t alone by revealing similar concerns exist around orphan care ministry.

“I am already on this faith journey that is taking me away from traveling, and I didn’t know that other people in other parts of international ministry are also struggling with the same thing,” Carter said.

‘The dominant theme’

Such “aha” moments have been par for the course across the 20 congregations that already have participated in the study, said John Derrick, a steering committee member and an architect of the study with Faith to Action, a consortium of nonprofit and other groups seeking new ways of providing orphan care globally.

“That’s probably been the dominant theme,” he said of Carter’s experience and those of many other church members who, like Peachtree Baptist, participated in the initial pilot study of 20 congregations and other religious groups.

“From the focus groups and the facilitators we’ve heard repeatedly: ‘I’ve responded for years with what were good intentions; I thought I was doing good, but I am realizing there is a better way,’” said Derrick, who also serves as the facilitator for CBF’s Vulnerable Child Network.

While the study included congregations, campus and other groups from a variety of denominations, the majority were CBF churches, Derrick said. The Fellowship’s vigorous effort to seek better ways to serve populations in need made its database of churches an ideal starting point for the Journeys of Faith project.

Derrick said the effort to transform orphan care included a big push in 2012 to convince denominations and other larger institutions to rethink their strategies in this area. This year the focus has been on the local church.

"It's interesting and exciting to see what happens when it gets to that level," he said.

The process has been monitored through participant surveys given before and after the study. Derrick said those mainly show a shift in thinking on how best practices are evolving to continue caring for orphans without reliance on orphanages.

Some of those practices include creating micro loans for villages to help strengthen local economies. In other places it can include establishing support for schools and other education efforts to relieve parents and communities of those expenses.

The idea is to let local leaders determine the best ways to prevent children from becoming orphans in the first place, and then for mission groups to come along side to support those initiatives, Derrick said.

In addition to churches, campus ministries and one retirement community participated in the study, Derrick said.

‘Another way’

The common message participants see and hear in case studies presented to them is that for 90 percent of children in orphanages, it is poverty – not the death or absence of family – that puts them there, said Kate Riney, a McAfee student and the mobilizer responsible for recruiting study participants in the Southeast.

Riney, the managing editor of McAfee’s Tableau Online magazine, was drawn to the project as part of her ongoing passion for the plight of human trafficking victims. Over the years, she has come to see how poverty issues overlap with trafficking, and now she's seeing how orphan care – done well or poorly – can be part of that dynamic.

“This made me realize another way to strengthen families that can be preemptive and girls may never have to live on the streets,” Riney said. “That’s when I got into vulnerable children’s ministries and adoption and orphan care.”

Carter said gaining those insights wasn't easy at Peachtree Baptist, where the small-group discussions often revolved around strong and differing opinions on the nature of poverty and whether any changes are needed at all in orphan care, he said.

One revelation was that new ways of providing orphan care go beyond many Americans’ tendency to simply throw money at complex problems, he added. Some were genuinely surprised to hear that. "They thought that is the best” way to minister to orphans.

“It’s easier to write a check than go and see where that check is going,” he said.