NY Corrections officers and criminal justice reform activist exchange words during a rally outside of City Hall before the start of a City Council hearing on Intro 549 on September 28, 2022 in New York City. Advocates of a ban on solitary confinement, City Council members and the family of people who have died in city jails as well as survivors gather at the steps of City Hall before a City Council hearing on Intro 549, legislation that would ban solitary confinement in city jails. NY Corrections officers and union officials who oppose the passage of the bill also held a counter rally before the meeting. The bill would also provide individuals in custody due process protections prior to being placed in restrictive housing. The Council is seeking input from administration officials, advocates, and legal experts before passage of the bill. (Photo by Michael M. Santiago/Getty Images)